David was now no longer confused by the acts of Saul in his fleeing. He knew that Saul was after him, and he knew why. Naturally, David flees to a place of security and comfort; he goes to Nob where the High Priest is located. We learn in this chapter that David had others with him (21:2). While this may appear as a fabrication of David, given what we know from later chapters it is not likely that it is a fabrication at all. From the High Priest he seeks two primary things: food and a weapon. Granted both David leaves toward Gath, but while in Gath he took notice that people knew who he was so he changed his behavior to disguise any rational capability. It worked. Meanwhile, back in Nob, one of Saul’s servants saw David and passed word along to the king.
Application: There is much to glean from this chapter, but I only want to focus on where David fled to. David was a young man devoted to the Lord and his country (his king). However, his king turned on him when David was not an actual threat at all; he turns to the Lord’s servant, but having done so he knew that he put them in jeopardy with his presence. David went for particular items, the Record says. Perhaps, however, he also went because he needed guidance that was higher than anything on this earth. Whether he did or not, the Jews interpret: “According to Targum, the Ephod was the priestly garment to which the Urim v Tumin was attached. Thus, Ahimelech inquired whether God authorized him to help David, and he was told to do so” (ArtScroll, p. 141). This is contrary to 22:15, but it gets to a point that is important for each of us: when we think of all the pain, trouble, and confusion that come to us all, to whom do we turn?