The Passover was a significant festival in Israel’s history. The nation, however, had corrupted their ways and, consequently, that which was observed was necessarily as prescribed by the Lord; nevertheless, the Passover was not honored as intensely since the days of Solomon (30:26). Hezekiah, Judah’s king, was devoted to the Lord more than any since David (perhaps more); he desired to restore the great festival and its significance to the people; while a few mocked, a great many engaged in the celebration. The Lord was pleased with the offerings submitted to His holy name.
In his continuation of expressing his devotion to the Lord in these religious restoration events Adam Clarke said this about the chapter (as a summary): The people destroy all traces of idolatry throughout Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh (31:1). Hezekiah reforms the state of religion in general; and the tithes are brought in from all quarters, and proper officers set over them (31:2-13). They bring to also the freewill-offerings, and regulate the priests and Levites and their families, according to their genealogies (31:14-19). Hezekiah does everything in sincerity and truth, and is prosperous (31:20, 21).
Application: The Passover celebration, it will be noted, was not during the prescribed month of the year (30:2). Still, though not during the prescribed month, it was received by the Lord God. Does this give people living under the authority of the New Testament to alter what the Lord has prescribed? The answer is no for at least two reasons; first, the Lord gave authorization in His word concerning such occasions (Numbers 9:6-13); second, Hezekiah appealed to the Lord for acceptance and the Lord heard and answered that prayer (30:18-20). Unless we have a direct answer from the Lord God our good intention might result in bad consequences.