Isaiah painted a bleak picture of the impending destruction that would come upon Judah. They would not escape God’s judgment. Those whom one would think of as superior in rank would become as empty of possessions and status as those of lower class. The land would become “entirely emptied and utterly plundered.” Where joy and happiness had been, only desolation would remain. As olives and grapes are overlooked in the harvest and are found by the gleaners, a remnant of godly people would escape the wrath of destruction. They would praise the saving hand of God as He reigned on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem.
Jerusalem was often referred to as the city of God. Eventually, the Lord’s church was established in that city as the family of God. Those who would submit to God’s rule would rejoice and praise Him. Death would be destroyed in God’s salvation as Jesus the Son of God would conquer death through His resurrection. His justice, however, would administer the proper punishment for sin.
There are numerous occasions in which God’s children sang praises to Him. Many of those events were upon their deliverance from some type of affliction or oppression. Isaiah composed this song of joy for those who had been rescued from the lofty city of the enemy. Various lands and cities were synonymous with sin. God, through His city/kingdom/church would appoint salvation to all who would obey, both Jews and Gentiles. Sin’s lofty city would be destroyed and leveled. “The way of the just is uprightness…” However, even if grace is “shown to the wicked, Yet he will not learn righteousness…” The sins that man commits will eventually be uncovered and brought to justice.
God often compared His people to a vineyard. No one would be allowed to completely hinder the care of His vineyard. They would eventually prosper as red wine that would be produced. Even God’s enemies would be accepted if they made peace with Him by turning from their evil ways. As Isaiah prophesied regarding the Babylonian captivity of Judah, he also saw a time when God would bring His scattered people back to Jerusalem. The future King was destined to emerge from that people.