I Cor. 11:17-34
Paul turned his attention next to the conduct of the Corinthians during the Lord’s Supper. Jesus had instituted the Lord’s Supper with His apostles the night before His death as a memorial to Himself.
Another consequence of the divisions of the Corinthian church Paul mentioned at the beginning of his letter was a total breakdown of the observance of the Lord’s Supper. Instead of love, union and communion with one another in Christ, they were eating their own food separately. Some were overeating and overdrinking while others had nothing because they had nothing to bring. They were eating a common meal instead of observing what Jesus had instituted as a solemn remembrance of His death.
Paul did not condemn eating fellowship meals in the church building. We do not know the types of facilities they used for worship services at that time. Their problem was with defiling the Lord’s Supper.
The Lord had instructed Paul in the proper procedure for the Lord’s Supper. He reminded the Corinthians that as they ate of the (unleavened) bread and drank the cup (fruit of the vine), they were proclaiming the Lord’s death “’till He comes.”
Paul further instructed the Corinthians to examine themselves (not others) and to eat the Supper in a worthy manner (remembering Christ’s death as the purpose). Anyone not properly observing the Lord’s Supper was sinning and needed to bring his thoughts and actions within the proper mode of worship.