Is. 54:1-55:13; 64:1-12
Israel was likened to a young childless woman estranged from her husband. It was considered to be disgraceful for a woman to be childless. However, the estranged Israel would be reunited with her merciful Husband, God and she would become the mother of many children. As Israel had been the bride of God, the new kingdom, the church would be the bride of Christ. The many who would obey the commands of the new covenant would become children of that bride. Like the promise made by God to Noah that the earth would not be destroyed by water again, He promised that His kindness and covenant of peace would not depart from them.
It is God’s desire and purpose that all should come to Him. Salvation is free for the taking. However, it is not forced upon anyone. We must turn from wickedness and seek Him while we are living. After death, it will be too late. It is not for us to understand all that is involved in His plan nor to try to change it. “For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Nor are your ways My ways…For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways, And My thoughts than your thoughts.”
Isaiah’s message was two-fold. He concluded his thoughts of Israel’s return to Jerusalem by reflecting upon the joy that would be expressed as the land would be restored. There also would be joy in the hearts of those being freed from their sins.
When people suffer from the consequences of sin, there are two types who are sorry—the ones sorry that they got caught and the ones who are suffering a truly penitent godly sorrow. Isaiah described the separation that the exiles in Babylon felt as God had turned away from them. In penitence, they called for God to come down and renew His relationship with them as the Potter molding them as clay. They lamented over the condition of their destroyed homeland and the ruins of God’s temple and pled for His peaceful restraint.