The Coming of the Holy Spirit (2:1-13). Fifty days after Passover as the Jews had assembled to celebrate the Festival of Weeks (see Leviticus 23:15-21) the Holy Spirit came and filled the believers. The all in 2:4 may refer to all the believers (see 1:15; 2:1) or merely to all the apostles. The Holy Spirit filling and enabling them to speak in other languages fulfills the promise in 1:4-5. As the multitude wondered what this sign could mean, others jeered the speakers, saying, “They are drunk on new wine” (2:13).
Peter’s Message (2:14-41). In defense of the accusation in 2:13, Peter stands up with the eleven, and addresses the crowd. He affirms that in spite of what the crowd thinks, the speakers are not drunk, but rather it is a sign that fulfills the words of the prophet Joel (see 2:17-21; Joel 2:28-32). Furthermore, he proves Jesus is both Lord and Christ by presenting three key pieces of evidence (1) Jesus’ ministry, (2) the prophetic words of David, and (3) the believers’ testimony as eyewitnesses of the resurrected Jesus. The crowd, previously charged with the execution of Jesus (see 2:23, 36), responds to Peter’s message, “What should we do?” Peter says to them, “Repent, and each one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit” (2:37-38). Those who accepted his message were baptized, and that day about three thousand people were added.
The Fellowship of the Believers (2:42-47). The believers continued their new life in Christ by devoting themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer. By their actions they remained together in close fellowship and continued to bear the mark of Jesus by their sacrificial love for one another (see John 13:34-35).
Evidence demands a response. How do you respond to the evidence that Jesus is both Lord and Christ?