This chapter describes Jesus as the good shepherd. He is the good shepherd for at least three reasons: (1) He lays down his life for the sheep (10:11). (2) He knows his sheep and they know him (10:14). (3) He gives his sheep eternal life (10:28).
Parallel to the portrait of Jesus (i.e., Jesus as the Good Shepherd), the author draws the reader’s attention to the reactions of the Jewish people regarding Jesus’ teaching. Many believed he was possessed by demon and was out of his mind (10:20). The Jewish leaders were ready to stone for blasphemy because they understood he was claiming to be God (10:30-33). Still many people believed in him (10:42).
The Gospel was written so that you may believe (20:30-31). So, do you believe? Give it some thought.