1. When we are ignorant of God’s righteousness, man is bound to form his own pattern. The consequences of this are as they were for Israel – their destruction.
2. Every now and again the thief on the cross will come up in discussion. In this chapter, we read of a doctrine set forth by Paul that will neutralize this discussion (in part) when it comes up. In 10:9, a requirement for salvation under the teachings of the new covenant is belief in the resurrection. The thief could not have believed in the resurrection while he was here on this earth.
3. Those who proclaim the gospel have an important role; when they execute their task, their hands are to be held up. It may be that one’s opinion will be different than another, but when the gospel is proclaimed and it is done faithfully, honor those who do so.