The Moabites were descendants of Moab, son of Abraham’s nephew, Lot through an incestuous relationship with his oldest daughter after the fall of Sodom and Gomorrah. Their country was located southeast of the Dead Sea. During the centuries that had ensued until Jeremiah’s prophecies, they had been enemies and also friends with the Israelites and Judeans. However, they like the other nations around them were a prideful and haughty people who did not follow God. The Lord speaking through the prophet declared their horrific downfall at the hands of the Babylonians. Moab would return in the future as God stated, “Yet I will bring back the captives of Moab In the latter days.”
Jeremiah had words of prophecy from the Lord against Ammon, Edom, Damascus, Kedar, Hazor and Elam, other people around Judah. Like the Moabites, the Ammonites descended from Lot’s son, Ben-Ammi through incest with his younger daughter. All of those nations and regions would suffer destruction at the hands of the Babylonians. Damascus was the capital of Syria and as such would bear most of the wrath of God against their nation. Kedar, Hazor and Elam were regions that would also suffer punishment from God through Babylon. In the end, God, through His mercy would allow those people to return to their homeland.