II Sam. 6:1-15; I Chron. 13:1-13; 15:1-28
During the previous twenty years, the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord had been at Baale Judah, also known as Kirjath Jearim in the house of Abinadab. It had been housed there after being returned by the Philistines who had suffered plagues after having captured it earlier.
David had established himself in Jerusalem as the ruler of Israel. After inquiring of God, he took a group of thirty thousand men to move the ark to a permanent location in the City of David. Great care was taken to place the ark upon a new cart for transportation instead of being carried on poles by Levite men as God had previously commanded. They were attempting to improve upon the command of God.
No one was to touch the ark, but as the oxen pulling the cart stumbled, Uzzah held it to keep it from falling off. God struck him dead immediately because of his error. The death of Uzzah caused David to be afraid to take the ark on into his city. Instead, they left it in the house of Obed-Edom.
Three months later, after having prepared a new tabernacle for the ark of God, David took the proper Levite personnel to the house of Obed-Edom to continue its relocation. David had corrected his previous mistake. “And the children of the Levites bore the ark of God on their shoulders, by its poles, as Moses had commanded according to the word of the Lord.”
There was great joy and celebration because of the relocation of the ark to its permanent home. David and the people played their various musical instruments, sang and danced in their celebration.