FORTY THINGS WE ALL NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE HOLY SPIRIT
1. The Holy Spirit (referred to as the Holy Ghost in the King James Version of the Bible) is a member of the Godhead (the Divine Nature) (Matthew 28:18-20; II Corinthians 13:14; Acts 17:29; Romans 1:20). As such, the nature of the Holy Spirit is compatible with the nature of the other two members of the Godhead, the Father and the Son.
2. As the Father and the Son are divine persons, so the Holy Spirit is a divine person. Six times in John 16:13 the Holy Spirit is referred to as “He” and once as “Him.” Therefore, the Holy Spirit is not an “It” or simply the power or influence of God but a divine person.
3. The Holy Spirit is also known as the Spirit of God (Matthew 3:16), the Spirit of Christ (Romans 8:9), the Spirit of the Lord (II Corinthians 3:17-18), the Spirit of truth (John 14:26), and simply the Spirit (Galatians 5:22-26). It is important to note that these are not different divine entities, but different ways of referring to one divine entity, the Holy Spirit.
4. There is only one Spirit (Ephesians 4:4)
5. The Holy Spirit is an eternal being (Hebrews 9:13-14).
6. The Spirit of God is omnipresent (Psalm 139:7).
7. The Spirit is all-knowing (I Corinthians 2:10-11).
8. The Spirit was present in the creation of all things and exercised a role in the creation (Genesis 1:1-2; 26-27 [Note the plural pronoun]).
9. The Spirit of God enabled Joseph to interpret Pharaoh’s dreams (Genesis 41:38).
10. The Holy Spirit equipped men for the building of the Old Testament tabernacle (Exodus 31:1-5).
11. The Spirit spoke through the prophets of the Old Testament (II Samuel 23:2; Ezekiel 11:5; et al).
12. By the prophets, the Spirit of God warned and testified against the Lord’s people in Old Testament times (Nehemiah 9:30).
13. The Spirit of Christ led the Old Testament prophets to testify beforehand of the coming of Christ, His sufferings, and the glories that would follow (I Peter 1:10-11; II Peter 1:21).
14. Christ was conceived in the womb of the virgin Mary by the Holy Spirit (Matthew 1:20; Luke 1:35).
15. Following His baptism, the Holy Spirit descended on Christ in the form of a dove (Matthew 3:16).
16. The Spirit led Jesus into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil (Matthew 4:1).
17. The Spirit of the Lord empowered the teaching of Christ (Luke 4:18-21).
18. All of Christ’s miracles were performed by the power of the Holy Spirit (Acts 10:38).
19. Christ warned of the sin of blaspheming the Holy Spirit (Matthew 12:31-32; Mark 3:28-30). (Note: Study these texts in their context to see what it meant to blaspheme the Holy Spirit).
20. It was through the eternal Spirit that Christ offered Himself to God to purge us from our sins (Hebrews 9:14).
21. John the Baptist promised that Christ would baptize with the Holy Spirit (Matthew 3:11; cf. Acts 1:4-5, 8; 10:44-48; 11:15-16).
22. Following Christ’s ascension back to heaven, the apostles were filled with (baptized with) the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1-4; 11:15-16).
23. The Holy Spirit is the Comforter/Helper whom Christ promised to send to the apostles (John 14:26; 15:26)
24. The Holy Spirit brought to the apostles’ remembrance all that Christ had said to them (John 14:26).
25. The Holy Spirit guided the apostles into all truth (John 16:13). (Note: With the close of the first century and the apostolic age, no further truth or revelation from God has been dispensed. “The faith” has been “once for all [a note of finality, hf] delivered to the saints” [Jude 3; cf.
26. The Holy Spirit revealed to the holy apostles and prophets of the New Testament God’s eternal purpose to save man by the gospel (Ephesians 3:1-13; Galatians 1:11-12; I Peter 1:12).
27. One must be born of water and the Spirit to enter the kingdom of God (John 3:3-5; cf. I Corinthians 12:13; Ephesians 5:25-26; Titus 3:4-5). (Note: This new birth is brought about by “the word which by the gospel [is] preached to [us]” [I Peter 1:22-25; James 1:18]).
28. All obedient believers in Christ receive the gift of the Holy Spirit as a seal that they are owned by God and as a deposit (earnest) on their eternal inheritance in heaven (Ephesians 1:13-14; 4:30; II Corinthians 1:21-22; 5:5).
29. The Holy Spirit dwells in Christians individually and in the church, the temple of God, collectively (I Corinthians 6:19-20; Ephesians 2:19-22).
30. There were various miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit bestowed on members of the first century church for the confirmation of the word of God and to aid the early church in its development until the revelation of the New Testament was complete (Mark 16:15-20; Hebrews 2:1-4; I Corinthians, chapters 12, 13, and 14; et al).
31. In New Testament times, the apostles of Christ (but apparently not others) could lay their hands on people and miraculously impart the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:14-23; 19:6).
32. Christians are to produce the fruit of the Spirit in their lives (Galatians 5:22-26).
33. Christians are to endeavor to keep the unity of the Spirt in the bond of peace (Ephesians 4:1-3).
34. Christians are not to grieve the Holy Spirit by the way they live (Ephesians 4:30).
35. If anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ he does not belong to Christ (Romans 8:9). (Note: This is a reference, not to the disposition of Christ, but to the Holy Spirit Himself).
36. Christians are sanctified (set apart and made holy) “by the Spirit and belief in the truth” (II Thessalonians 2:13). We are sanctified by the truth, God’s word (John 17:17).
37. The Spirit helps us in our weaknesses, especially when we are so overwhelmed that we do not know what we should pray for as we ought (Romans 8:26).
38. By His Spirit, God will give life to our mortal bodies at the resurrection of the dead (Romans 8:11).
39. The Spirit spoke through the letters that were sent to the seven churches of Asia (Revelation 2:7, 11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13, 22). (Note: We “hear” the Spirit today when we read the twenty-seven divinely inspired documents making up the New Testament).
40. The Spirit joined in the final invitation of God to man (Revelation 22:17).
September 5, 2017
September 13: LaGuardo Church of Christ, Mount Juliet, TN