Hugh’s News & Views (The Apostles)

THE APOSTLES AND BROTHERS OF CHRIST

The Bible class I teach on Sunday mornings recently began a study of the exciting book of Acts. Chapter one records Christ’s final meeting with His apostles before ascending back to heaven, refers to His fleshly brothers, and tells of the selection of one to take the place of Judas Iscariot, one of the original twelve. It was informative to the class to see a list of all the apostles of Christ, to look at others who are referred to as “apostles,” and to see a list of our Lord’s brothers. Our readers may also find these lists informative.

The Apostles

(Matthew 10:2-4; Mark 3:14-19; Luke 6:13-16; John 21:1-2 [a partial list]; Acts 1:13, 26)

1. Simon Peter/Cephas (cf. John 1:42; I Corinthians 1:12; Galatians 1:18; wrote I & II Peter)

2. Andrew (Simon Peter’s brother)

3. James the son of Zebedee

4. John the son of Zebedee and brother of James (wrote John, I, II, III John, and Revelation)

5. Philip

6. Bartholomew/possibly the same as Nathanael (cf. John 1:45-51; 21:5)

7. Thomas/Didymus (the Twin) (cf. John 20:24)

8. Matthew/Levi the son of Alphaeus (cf. Matthew 9:9; Mark 2:14; Luke 6:27-28; wrote Matthew)

9. James the son of Alphaeus (known as James the Less or the Little [Mark 15:40]; brother of Matthew if the same Alphaeus is meant)

10. Labbaeus Thaddaeus/Judas son of James (cf. Luke 6:16; John 14:22; Acts 1:13)

11. Simon the Canaanite/the Zealot

12. Judas Iscariot

13. Mathias (chosen to take the place of Judas Iscariot [Acts 1:23-26])

14. Paul (cf. Acts 26:12-18; Romans 1:1, et al; I Corinthians 15:9-10; wrote Romans through Philemon, and possibly Hebrews)

Others Called Apostles

(“Apostle” means “one sent forth, a messenger”)

1. Christ (Hebrews 3:1; God’s Apostle sent from heaven with God’s message to all mankind [Hebrews 1:1-4; 12:25])

2. Barnabas (Acts 14:14; an apostle of the church at Antioch [Acts 13:1-3])

3. James the Lord’s brother (Galatians 1:18-19; whether he was an apostle [in a
secondary sense, like Barnabas] depends on the punctuation and meaning of the Galatians text, i.e., did Paul say that the only apostle he saw was Cephas/Peter, and in addition to this one apostle he also saw James the Lord’s brother?)

The Lord’s Brothers

(Matthew 13:55-56; Mark 6:3; Galatians 1:19; the brothers did not at first believe that Jesus was the Messiah [John 7:2-5] but later did believe [Acts 1:14])

1. James (became a prominent leader in the church at Jerusalem [see note above] [Acts 12:1-2, 17; 15:13ff]; believed to be the writer of the book of James [James 1:1])

2. Joses

3. Simon

4. Judas/Jude (believed to be the writer of the book of Jude [Jude 1])

Note: Jesus had two or more sisters, but they are not named. (Matthew 13:56; Mark 6:3)

The glorious reality is that we can all be a part of Christ’s spiritual family if we do the will of His Father! (Matthew 12:46-50)

Hugh Fulford
June 14, 2016

Speaking Schedule:
June 22: Blackmon Church of Christ, Murfreesboro, TN
June 26: FairlaneChurch of Christ (Homecoming), Shelbyville, TN

#apostles, #brothers-of-christ, #hughfulford