“Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews. Then Paul, as his custom was, went in to them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures” (Acts 17:1-2).
Paul’s work (along with Silas, Timothy and Luke) in Thessalonica was short-lived and somewhat violent. Though many Greeks and notable women converted to Christ (Acts 17:4), the Jewish leaders of the synagogue were not impressed. They incited a mob to throw Paul out of town, took the man to court who was housing him, and followed him all the way to the next synagogue in Berea (Acts 17:5-11).
However, those who were converted to Christ, and constituted the Thessalonian church, were later praised for their faithfulness (1 Thes. 1:2,3,8-9; 2:13-14; 3:6-7). They were told that the return of the Lord would not precede a great “falling away” from the faith (2 Thes. 2:1-10) – a necessary correction for at least two reasons: (1) they believed those who passed from this life would miss His return (1 Thes. 4:13-18); (2) it had incited a spirit of idleness (cf. 2:9; 4:11).
The “great falling away” and the “man of sin” (cf. 2 Thes. 2:1-9) are only specifically mentioned in 2 Thessalonians. Some believe (Barnes, Hinds, Jackson, et. al.) this is the Catholic church, and the Pope. If it isn’t, we’d be hard pressed to find an historical circumstance and personage that better fit the description.
So with corrections in place, the church could now concern itself with the more pressing concerns of the moment, “…warn those who are unruly, comfort the fainthearted, uphold the weak, be patient with all” (5:14), a good admonition for us all.
—Rick Kelley, Prestonsburg (KY) Informer