I Sam. 18:1-30
Following the defeat of Goliath, Saul set David over the men of war. He and the king’s son, Jonathan became very close friends to the extent that they made a covenant. Jonathan gave David his robe, armor, weapons and belt as a sign of their friendship.
In time, David’s popularity grew because of his conquests in war. The women danced and sang, “Saul has slain his thousands, And David his ten thousands.” This made the king angry and from that time forward, because of his jealousy, he sought a way to kill David. He saw how the Lord had left him and was with David.
After two failures of his own to kill David, Saul demoted him to captain over a thousand men in hopes that he would be killed in battle. He also schemed that if he gave him his daughter as a wife, “The hands of the Philistines may be against him.” Saul thought that David would be killed as he brought one hundred foreskins of the Philistines for payment of Michal. He fulfilled the requirement of Saul and received Michal as his wife. That also failed to accomplish his desire as he saw that the Lord was still with David.
Evidence of an impending split among the Israelites began to show as, “All Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and come in before them.” In time, that division would separate Judah from the rest of Israel.