Abram and Lot returned to the previous location they had been before they had gone into Egypt. Due to the size of their herds, there was not enough land to support them. Also, there was contention between the herdsmen of Abram and Lot.
In order to solve the problem, Abram gave Lot first choice between two areas. He chose the fertile, well-watered plain of Jordan, “And pitched his tent even as far as Sodom,” an exceedingly wicked and sinful city and left the less desirable land for his uncle.
God took care of Abram. He gave the land of Canaan to him and his descendants forever. Remember that Abram was old and his wife could not bear children. God again promised, “And I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth; so that if a man could number the dust of the earth, then your descendants also could be numbered.”
Everywhere that Abram went, he built an altar to the Lord. God desires and expects us to worship Him wherever we may be also.
As Lot was in Sodom, he was in the wrong place at the wrong time. A group of four kings made war against a group of five kings, including the king of Sodom. During this war, the forces of the four kings defeated the five kings and to the victor goes the spoils. They also took Lot and his goods.
When Abram received word of Lot’s capture, he armed three hundred eighteen of his own men and rescued him; his goods and the people and goods of Sodom. Abram refused to take a reward for his efforts because he did not want the king to say, “I have made Abram rich.”
As he was returning, Abram met Melchizedek, king of Salem. Melchizedek was a priest of God and blessed Abram. Abram, in turn gave a tithe to Melchizedek. This was a significant gesture that will be noted many years later by the writer of the New Testament letter to the Hebrews.
Even though God had previously promised Abram a great nation, and even though he was a man of great faith, he questioned God how this could be. God had said that an heir would come from his own body. His descendants would be as numberless as the stars in the heavens. “And he believed in the Lord, and He accounted it to him for righteousness.”
Abram was instructed to bring an animal sacrifice to God in order to receive confirmation of God’s covenant with him. While a deep sleep was upon Abram, God revealed that his descendants would serve and be afflicted four hundred years in a land that was not theirs, but would leave with great possessions. Abram would die at a good old age.