God used a plurality of contemporary prophets to convey His word during the depths of Israel’s and Judah’s sinful times. Jonah, Amos, Hosea, Isaiah and Micah lived and prophesied during overlapping times. Whereas Jonah was sent to prophesy against Nineveh in Assyria, Amos and Hosea were sent to warn Israel of their impending doom. The thrust of Isaiah’s messages was to speak against the wickedness that had come upon Judah mainly during the reign of their king, Ahaz. Micah’s prophecy warned both Israel and Judah of the judgment that was to come upon them. The chief sins of Israel and Judah involved the idolatrous worship that was prevalent at that time.
Micah, in his first of three messages depicted God as coming down to administer His justice upon Israel. Samaria, being the capital of Israel was the seat of their idolatrous worship. However, during the time of Ahaz, Judah in Jerusalem had fallen into the same iniquity and was subject to the same wrath of God. The prophet painted a bleak picture of their devastation. God is also pictured as weeping and mourning over His people’s impending destruction.
In addition to idolatry, the rich were guilty of oppressing the poor. Houses and land were taken illegally. Micah warned that disaster was in order for those people. However, they ignored the prophet’s warning as empty meaningless words. Instead, they would willingly heed the words of a false prophet or liar who would speak the things that they desired to hear.
Micah concluded his first message by alluding to the remnant that would eventually be gathered together, “like sheep of the fold…”