Deut. 29:1-31:8, 14, 15, 23
As Moses issued his final charge to the Israelites, he reviewed the events of the forty-year wandering from their deliverance from Pharaoh to the conquering of the kings of Heshbon and Bashan, Sihon and Og. He pointed out the importance of their keeping their covenant with God—blessings of obedience and the curses of disobedience. His discourse also contained a prophecy that they would fall away from God and be taken into captivity by their enemies.
The history of God’s dealings with man shows His intense hatred for sin, but conversely, His intense love for the sinner. Moses pointed out in his prophecy that if the people after having left God to serve other gods, would repent and return to Him, he would again deliver them from their oppression.
In concluding his charge to Israel, Moses stated two alternatives for them to consider. “I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your descendants may live.”
Having completed his charge, Moses explained that he was one hundred twenty years old and that God had forbidden him from entering the Promised Land. However, He would be with them and destroy the nations before them so they could inherit the land.
The Israelites would not be without a leader. Moses presented Joshua to the people and charged him to, “Be strong and of good courage,…And the Lord, He is the One who goes before you. He will be with you, He will not leave you nor forsake you; do not fear nor be dismayed.”