II Sam. 23:1-7; I Kin. 1:1-53; I Chron. 29:10-25
David, “the sweet psalmist of Israel” was an inspired writer. He is said to have written seventy-three of the psalms recorded in the Scriptures. As his life was nearing its end at about seventy years, he concluded his writing by attributing his words to the God of Israel. He stated that the rulers of God’s people must rule in the fear of the Lord. God had made an everlasting covenant with him. It would be fulfilled many years later with the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Even after living a life of turmoil, David found the end also surrounded in controversy. His oldest surviving son, Adonijah proclaimed himself to be the king succeeding his father. Other prominent men, including Abiathar the priest and Joab, David’s army commander followed him in his proclamation.
Nathan the prophet conferred with Solomon’s mother, Bathsheba and after meeting with David, it was confirmed that Solomon was indeed to be his successor as king. Solomon at about nineteen years of age was placed upon David’s mule, symbolizing royalty as Zadok, the priest and Nathan, the prophet took him to be anointed. At the blowing of the horn the people said, “Long live King Solomon!”
With Solomon sitting on David’s throne, Adonijah and his followers realized that their lives were in great peril. They all went their own way and Adonijah sought refuge by holding the horns of the altar. After hearing of his plea, Solomon stated that if he proved himself worthy, he would live, but otherwise, he would die. Adonijah fell at the feet of Solomon and was told to, “Go to your house.”