I Kin. 11:26-43; II Chron. 9:29-31
As the Israelites had been divided on different occasions in the wilderness, they continued with their divisions. When David became king, only the tribe of Judah accepted him as king. The other tribes anointed Ishbosheth, Saul’s son to lead them. Later, all of the tribes were united with David as their king and that unity continued throughout Solomon’s reign.
Sometime after God had informed Solomon of the impending division of Israel, Jeroboam the son of Nebat, one of his labor force officers was met by the prophet, Ahijah. The prophet took Jeroboam’s new garment and tore it into twelve pieces and instructed him to take ten of them for himself. He explained that God had taken the kingdom from Solomon and that he would be king of ten tribes of Israel and that Solomon’s son would rule over one tribe [Actually, Judah and Simeon were combined (Josh 19:9)]. God speaking through the prophet, Ahijah also promised Jeroboam His blessings if he would heed His commandments as David had done.
“Solomon therefore sought to kill Jeroboam.” He fled to Egypt and remained until after Solomon’s death.
Sadly, the great king, Solomon died after reigning forty years, but his legacy of wisdom and riches was tarnished by his departure from the one true God who had blessed him with those attributes. His son, Rehoboam followed as king of Israel.