Later in the 7th month the assembly gathered and offered a prayer to the Lord that recounted in brief the history of their transgressions, and how merciful the Lord was to them as a nation. As they reflected on their current circumstances they appealed to the Lord for relief and a reconfirmation from them to Him they would be loyal.
The nation of Israel had a national covenant with the Lord (Exodus 19:4-6). But, as a nation, they did not keep that covenant. Thus, as a nation they appealed to the Lord for His mercy. Under the new covenant it is the individual who replaces the physical nation; under the new, it is the individual who must appeal to the Lord for mercy. There is no national leader to whom we can appeal to lead us, but there is an eternal Leader to whom appeal has been made when we go to Him.