This chapter is a perplexing chapter because we naturally read sequentially, but it is thought by most that the chronology of chapter 22 precedes chapter 21 (for what reason the Holy Spirit put the words of Jeremiah in this place we can only surmise). Again, Jeremiah is to appeal to the king (or kings) of Judah with regard to the Lord’s pending judgment. If they hear (obey) the Lord, then that which the Lord planned will be “turned away;” on the other hand, if they do not hear and heed the Lord, then the Lord will sure bring it to completion (22:1-5). While the kings of Judah put a premium emphasis upon “stately cedar wood” for their place of residence, the Lord said He would make the place from where this cedar wood came a desolate place like He will make Jerusalem desolate (22:6-9). Whereas the first 9 verses are thought to have a direct application to Zedekiah, the next three pertain to Shallum (or Jehoahaz). He reigned for but a short time and was then taken into captivity by Egypt, who then placed Jehoiakim (his older brother) on Jerusalem’s throne (22:10-12). Jeconiah (also known as Jehoiachin or Coniah) was king over Jerusalem, but reigned only three months (2 Kings 24:5-9). The Lord looked upon his ascension to the throne and said that he would not reign and, in fact, he would not be the Lord’s representative on David’s throne (including any descendants of his). Into captivity Jehoahaz went (never to return), and for him the people should have wept. This was illustrative of what would soon happen to Jerusalem/Judah. With Jehoiakim now the new king (the older son of Josiah, but rejected by the people), the king lavishes upon himself the luxuries of all-things associated with being king. The Lord speaks against Jehoiakim (22:13-17), telling him what will be his reward (22:18-23).
BIBLE DIFFICULTY: When one looks at Matthew 1:11-12 it is seen that Jesus is a descendent of Joseph, who is also a descendent of Jeconiah. Thus, we understand that Jesus was a direct descendent of Jeconiah (who sat on David’s throne). This, however, does not “square” with Jeremiah 22:30 where it plainly declares the Jeconiah will not have a descendent on David’s throne. Various solutions: Some reply to this by saying 1) Jesus sitting on David’s throne would not apply because the word of the Lord applied to “immediate descendants only” (Brown, p. 308); 2) that Joseph was a “step” father (not actual) and, thus, what we have in Matthew is a legal line rather than an actual descendent-line as recorded in Luke. In other words, through Joseph (as recorded by Matthew) it can be shown that Jesus is the legal heir of David’s throne (Homer Hailey). Luke emphasizes, through Joseph and some different descendants, that Jesus was an actual descendent of Joseph (Scofield Bible) through the line of Mary (Luke 3:23-38).