With Haman’s death, King Ahasuerus gave the dead man’s entire house to Esther. That included all of his great wealth—servants, land, cattle and money. She then appointed Mordecai to be over her new possession. After the queen had revealed to the king her relationship with Mordecai, he gave him the signet ring and its authority that had once belonged to Haman. God was working through Esther and Mordecai to protect His people.
There remained unfinished business. The king had allowed Haman to issue a non-revocable decree in his name to annihilate all of the Jews in the one hundred twenty-seven provinces in his land. In order to reverse the intent of the first decree, it was necessary to issue another. With the permission of King Ahasuerus, the king’s scribes wrote another decree. It allowed the Jews to defend themselves against any attackers and to plunder their possessions. Mordecai, the Jew went out from the king clothed in royal garments. That new position of the Jews influenced many non-Jews to become Jews.
The decree of Haman had been designed to completely annihilate the Jews of the Persian kingdom on the thirteenth day of Adar, the twelfth month. Instead of that happening, Esther’s and Mordecai’s decree allowed the Jews to attack their enemies on that same day. Ahasuerus allowed them to continue their assault into the fourteenth day also. Many thousands of the Jews’ enemies were killed along with the hanging of Haman’s ten sons.
Mordecai rose from being just the son of a Jewish exile to great prominence as second to King Ahasuerus in the kingdom. The king also gained by his relationship with Mordecai. God allowed the Jews to increase in favor with the leaders of the land. With great rejoicing, they proclaimed the fourteenth and fifteenth days of Adar as annual memorial days of feasting, joy and gifts. They named the days Purim because Haman had cast Pur (lot) against them.