The prophet painted a picture of events surrounding the early church. There were the Jews who seemingly were calling for God, but were not calling for His Son, Christ. On the other hand, with the Jews rejecting Christ, the Gentiles were invited into His fold.
He pointed out various heathen practices of idol worship that were highly displeasing to God. However, there was always a remnant who would remain dedicated to the Lord and they would escape the punishment that He would mete out to the disobedient. Notice that those who were punished did not hear or answer His call. Obedience is one’s response to hearing.
The righteous were promised eternal blessings in a new heaven and new earth. There would be no more weeping. They would be able to live in the houses that they had built and eat the fruits of their labors. There would be peace and tranquility. Those were figures of speech that could be easily understood to represent a glorious future of the blessings of salvation.
Isaiah concluded his prophecies by describing a true worshipper of God. “On him who is poor and of a contrite spirit, And who trembles at My word.” He blesses those who humble themselves before Him. There is no place for manmade worship before the Lord.
The prophet looked forward and painted a picture of a child being born without labor. Jerusalem was reborn peacefully as Cyrus allowed the Judean exiles to return from Babylon with his assistance. The birth of the Lord’s church was also peaceful as it was established in Jerusalem on Pentecost after Christ’s resurrection from the dead. However, in both instances, hardships followed.
A future judgment in which all nations and tongues will be judged according to their deeds was depicted by Isaiah. Blessings beyond comprehension will be heaped upon those who obey the Lord. Harsh punishment will come to the disobedient. “…For their worm does not die, And their fire is not quenched. They shall be an abhorrence to all flesh.”