A plan to care for the poor was set in place. They could borrow from their more prosperous brothers and at the end of every seventh (sabbatical) year, debts that had not been repaid would be forgiven. Servants who had been sold into slavery were also to be released at the end of the seventh year. If a slave wished to remain with his master, that also could be arranged.
All the firstborn male animals without blemish in their herds were to be set apart for the Lord.
Moses reviewed the observances of the three main feast days. The Passover was to be observed during the month of Abib, the first month of their year. That was the anniversary month of their deliverance from Egypt. The Feast of Weeks, later known as Pentecost was to be celebrated seven weeks later on the fiftieth day after the beginning of grain harvest. Later in the year after they had completed threshing their grain and had harvested their grapes, the Israelites observed the Feast of Tabernacles.
Judges would be appointed to administer justice among the people. They were not to take bribes nor show partiality. In cases of idol worship or other capital offences, two or three witnesses were required in order to pronounce the death sentence. If a matter was too difficult for the presiding judge to determine, he was instructed to go to the priests in a type of supreme court system to get their sentence of justice.
God recognized that the people would eventually want a king even though it was against His will. Moses gave instructions from God how the selection of kings would be conducted.