Luke did not disclose much information about himself. Paul referred to him as, “the beloved physician.” He was the only Gentile writer of the New Testament and he wrote in the Greek language primarily for Gentile readers. Scholars conclude that he was born and reared in Antioch of Syria. The use of the pronouns “we” and “us” in the book of Acts indicates that he spent much time as a traveling companion of Paul.
The writer doesn’t identify himself as the author of the gospel that bears Luke’s name nor does he identify himself as the writer of Acts. As one reads Acts and Paul’s epistles, it becomes evident from the various references to Luke that he indeed wrote Acts. Evidence in the preface to Acts indicates that the same writer was responsible for the Gospel According to Luke.
As with the accounts of Matthew and Mark, the location and date of writing the Gospel According to Luke are unsure, but the time was probably during the early A. D. 60s.
Luke, being a physician was more highly educated than the other gospel writers. This became evident as he referred to various names and events of contemporary history.
The account of the gospel by Luke contains more details about the genealogy, birth and early childhood of Jesus than the other gospels. He related more stories of Jesus’ concern for the outcasts of society than the other writers.
In his gospel, Luke recorded the time prior to the birth of Jesus until His ministry; the Galilean Ministry; last journeys to Jerusalem and the events relating to His death, burial, resurrection and ascension into heaven.