After finishing the furnishings for the tabernacle, the craftsmen turned their attention to making the priestly garments for Aaron, the high priest and his sons, the priests.
The ephod was a garment that was worn over the shoulders. For protection, a breastplate was attached to the ephod. Many of the components of the tabernacle, furnishings and garments were symbolic of things and events past, present and future. Twelve stones were set in both the ephod and breastplate, three in each of four rows to represent the twelve tribes of Israel.
As high priest, Aaron’s garment was exquisite. In addition to the ephod and breastplate, he wore short trousers, a tunic, robe, turban and crown. An inscription on the crown read, “HOLINESS TO THE LORD.”
When all of the work was completed, they brought it to Moses. “According to all that the Lord had commanded Moses, so the Children of Israel did all the work.” It was/is imperative that all be done according to what the Lord commanded.