Psalm 89

Vs. 1-4 speak of God’s faithfulness;

Vs. 5-14 point to reasons for God’s impressiveness;

Vs. 15-18 show the happiness of those who serve God;

Vs. 19-37 give more details of God’s covenant about a king;

Vs. 38-52 present a problem before God.

This Psalm is from “Ethan the Ezrahite” (1 Kings 4:30-31), one of the men Solomon was wiser than! Many references to a king fit Jesus Christ as the one promised through David’s kingly lineage. Thus, “the assembly of the saints” (verses 5, 7) dwell on God’s “wonders,” selection of Jesus as the Christ, and focus on respect (“fear”) of God, not men (2 Corinthians 4:5).

Verses 1-4: God’s faithfulness is a reason to “sing” (verse 1), for it is based upon “mercy” (verse 2). The “covenant” is to set a descendant (“seed”) of David on a throne “forever” (verses 3-4). This was promised in 2 Samuel 7:11-17, a basis for obeying Jesus Christ in Acts 2:25-33, and remembered in the New Testament (Romans 1:1-4).

Verses 5-14: God can fulfill that covenant because He, alone: does these “wonders” (verse 5); is mightier than the mighty (verse 6); “feared” and “reverenced” in “the assembly of the saints” (verse 7), surrounded by faithfulness (verse 8). It is God, alone who: rules and stills a raging sea (verse 9); defeats “Rahab” (Egypt) and scatters enemies (verse 10); owns “the heavens” and the fullness of the world (verse 11); gave Promised Land to the Israelites, from “north” to “south” and Mounts Tabor and Hermon (east and west) (verse 12); unquestioned authority (verse 13); a throne based upon “righteousness and justice,” actions based upon “mercy and truth” (verse 14). God can promise an eternal king on a throne in Heaven because He promised and gave His people a land on Earth!

Verses 15-18: “Blessed” (happy) are the people who want God to be satisfied with them (verse 15); “all day long” (we say, “24/7”) they rejoice in God’s name (verse 16); because they walk in His “glory” and “favor” (verse 17); who are protected by His “shield” and ruled by “the Holy One of Israel” (verse 18). The virgin, Mary, was pregnant with “that Holy One” (“the Son of God,” Luke 1:35); demons confessed Jesus Christ was “the Holy One of God” (Luke 4:34); the Apostles preached Jesus Christ was “Your Holy One” prophesied by David (Acts 2:27; Psalm 16:10); the Jews had crucified “the Holy One” (Acts 3:14); the Holy Spirit was sent upon Christians in the 1st Century by “the Holy One” (1 John 2:20). It is Jesus Christ being singled out as the fulfillment of God’s plan discussed in Psalm 89:19-37!

Verses 19-37: God has: revealed His plan to David (verse 19); stated His covenant began with David (verse 20), will be fulfilled through David (verse 21); David (and his lineage!) will be protected (verses 22-23). Beyond David, Jesus Christ would be: given authority by God (verse 24; Matthew 28:18); given widespread power (verse 25); confessing God as Father (verse 26; John 5:18); “firstborn” from the dead (verse 27; Colossians 1:15-18); given to “mercy” (verse 28; Matthew 9:27-30); of David’s “seed” (verse 29; Romans 1:1-4). Back to David, God decreed: sins of “his sons” would be punished (verses 30-32); this covenant would not be annulled (verses 33-34); this covenant was sworn by God and upon God’s “holiness” (verse 35); the throne of David would not be on earth for it would “endure forever,” be as permanent as the “sun,” “established forever like the moon,” (verses 36-37) none of which would be true if the fulfillment was in an earthly throne!

Verses 38-52: To the Psalmist, it seems, God’s punishments are so great as to keep His covenant with David from coming true (verses 38-45). Human impatience is voiced in verses 46-48, because humans must certainly die in a relatively short time to us. The plea is for God to remember His Davidic covenant and let it be seen in their lifetimes, that it will be done (verses 49-51). In verse 52, the Psalm ends in faithful confidence, with a positive praise for “the LORD.”

All Scriptures and comments are based upon the New King James  Version, unless otherwise noted.

#bible-study, #book-of-psalms, #church-of-christ, #daily-bible-reading, #jesus-christ, #kingdom-of-christ, #throne-of-david