Jerusalem was pictured as a chastised man paying for the evil of his ways. They had been abandoned to their enemies by the Lord. There is no fate worse than being without God.
Even in the bleakness of their circumstances, the writer spoke of hope in God’s mercy for those who would seek Him. Without His mercy, all will be lost; with His mercy all can be saved. One should not complain about receiving deserved punishment, but should use it as a wake-up call to repent and return to God. The writer also called upon the Lord to punish those who had caused such great harm and misery to His people.