As had been stated earlier, God used evil nations to punish other evil nations. Israel had been overcome by the evil Assyrians. The Lord had pronounced destruction and captivity upon Judah at the hand of wicked Babylon. Jeremiah was sent to proclaim the ultimate fall of the Babylonians. That destruction would take place many years in the future just as Assyria had fallen. A nation from the north would invade their land. History relates that the nation was Persia.
Jeremiah described the humiliation that would come upon Babylon. Their gods would be shamed and their images would be broken to pieces. The people would fall by arrows and swords. In the end, their dwelling place would be made desolate.
Included with the prophesies spoken against Babylon were words of hope for their captives. Judah and the remnant of Israel who had dwelt with them after Samaria had fallen would begin to seek the Lord and the way back to Zion. “Come and let us join ourselves to the Lord…” God would use the fall of Babylon as a means of freeing a penitent Judah.
The destruction of Babylon was a sure punishment for the evil that they had committed. Jeremiah continued to describe the events that would take place against them. They would be separated as chaff is separated from grain at harvest. Even Babylon could have been saved from destruction if they would have accepted God’s healing. They did not.
Bel Marduk was the god considered by the Babylonians as their chief god and creator of the earth. They conducted a festival at the beginning of each year to assure that the world would continue to stand. Jeremiah pointed out the futility of worshipping a molded image carved out by a metalsmith. The Lord of hosts was the One who had made the earth by His power. All of the realms of nature obey His commands.
The invaders from the north would swarm against Babylon like locusts. All would fall and be broken to pieces as if by one wielding a battle-ax. Horses, chariots, riders, old men and women, young men and maidens, shepherds and farmers with their flocks and beasts of burden would all be broken along with their governors and rulers.
Jeremiah’s message contained encouragement for God’s people who would be in exile in Babylon. Even in their exile, they would be remembered by Him. They were the avenue in which He had planned to bring His Son, in time, to reign as King.
Zedekiah had come to Babylon during the fourth year of his reign. Seraiah, his quartermaster had accompanied him on that trip. Jeremiah wrote the words that had been spoken against Babylon and instructed Seraiah to read them. Following the reading, he was to tie a stone on the book and toss it into the Euphrates River as a symbolism that, “Babylon shall sink and not rise from the catastrophe that I will bring upon her. And they shall be weary.”