Paul had concluded that the Jews were as guilty of sin as were the Gentiles. Both could be justified or saved through faith in Christ instead of by works of the Law of Moses. He continued to explain the benefits of this faith.
There are those who contend that Paul was teaching faith only in this part of his letter. That conclusion is contrary to other writings of Paul. One example was his statement to the Galatians when he said, “For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.”
In addition to the salvation of our souls, one’s faith brings peace in knowing that he is no longer counted as an enemy of God but is in favor and communion with Him. Faith causes the Christian to rejoice even in difficulties because he understands that in the end these trials will strengthen him.
Paul described the love of Christ by comparing it with man’s love. A man may under certain circumstances give his life for a good or righteous person. Christ gave His life for the salvation of all mankind even though man was mired deeply in sin. Since Christians are now justified by His blood, God is even more willing to save those who have accepted this salvation. They have been reconciled to God.
Paul pointed out the fact that through one man, Adam, sin entered into the world and that resulted in (spiritual) death to all men. Even though others are not guilty of Adam’s sin, they do suffer the consequences of his sin. Through the act of one Man, Christ, the gift of forgiveness of sins (spiritual) life is available to all men who will accept it.
Where sin is present, God’s grace is also present. Where there is great sin, a great measure of grace is also available to the penitent sinner. Sin brings spiritual death, but grace brings eternal life through Jesus Christ.