Alive again: 1 Thessalonians 3.8 VOTD

“For now we are alive again, if you stand firm in the Lord.”

1 Thessalonians 3.8

The apostle Paul felt discouraged by his circumstances. Good news through Timothy about the Thessalonian saints gave him new life. “The missionary whose task was to encourage others (2) was himself encouraged and revived by news of the church” (I. Howard Marshall, NBC21, 1281).

Relationships between evangelizers and converts are, and ought to be, a close one. How would you describe the concern for saved ones to continue to be faithful?

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Living a holy life

Christians at Thessalonica were encouraged to “abound more and more” in holiness. The same encouragement is needed by the church of Christ today. God’s people must live a holy life. You must devote your life to following Christ.

“Finally then, brethren, we urge and exhort in the Lord Jesus that you should abound more and more, just as you received from us how you ought to walk and to please God; for you know what commandments we gave you through the Lord Jesus. For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you should abstain from sexual immorality; that each of you should know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and honor, not in passion of lust, like the Gentiles who do not know God; that no one should take advantage of and defraud his brother in this matter, because the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also forewarned you and testified. For God did not call us to un­cleanness, but in holiness. Therefore he who re­jects this does not reject man, but God, who has also given us His Holy Spirit.” (1 Thessalonians 4:1-8) Continue reading

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Short introduction to 1 Thessalonians

“Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews. Then Paul, as his custom was, went in to them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures” (Acts 17:1-2).

Paul’s work (along with Silas, Timothy and Luke) in Thessalonica was short-lived and somewhat violent. Though many Greeks and notable women converted to Christ (Acts 17:4), the Jewish leaders of the synagogue were not impressed. They incited a mob to throw Paul out of town, took the man to court who was housing him, and followed him all the way to the next synagogue in Berea (Acts 17:5-11).

However, those who were converted to Christ, and constituted the Thessalonian church, were later praised for their faithfulness (1 Thes. 1:2,3,8-9; 2:13-14; 3:6-7). They were told that the return of the Lord would not precede a great “falling away” from the faith (2 Thes. 2:1-10) – a necessary correction for at least two reasons: (1) they believed those who passed from this life would miss His return (1 Thes. 4:13-18); (2) it had incited a spirit of idleness (cf. 2:9; 4:11).

The “great falling away” and the “man of sin” (cf. 2 Thes. 2:1-9) are only specifically mentioned in 2 Thessalonians. Some believe (Barnes, Hinds, Jackson, et. al.) this is the Catholic church, and the Pope. If it isn’t, we’d be hard pressed to find an historical circumstance and personage that better fit the description.

So with corrections in place, the church could now concern itself with the more pressing concerns of the moment, “…warn those who are unruly, comfort the fainthearted, uphold the weak, be patient with all” (5:14), a good admonition for us all.

—Rick Kelley, Prestonsburg (KY) Informer

#1-thessalonians, #new-testament-introduction

How to end a letter in a great way: 1 Thessalonians 5.12-28

Here’s an outline for 1 Thessalonians 5.12-28, significantly adapted for English, that I’ve been using the last couple of weeks in our Sunday Bible study in Taubaté. An amazing close to this letter which may well be the first document of the New Testament to have been written. The version used here is the NET Bible.

  1. Christian workers and Christian work (12-15).
    At the same time that Paul wants us to honor Christian workers (vv. 12-13, with three honors by the saints [acknowledge, preside, be at peace], matching three activities of the workers [labor, preside, admonish]), he reminds us, with action verbs (admonish, comfort, help, be patient, pursue), that the work of Christ belongs to all (v. 14-15). The two facets of the section are marked by the similar phrases: “we ask you, brothers and sisters” (v. 12) and “we urge you, brothers and sisters” (v. 14).
  2. Eight final imperatives (vv. 16-22).
    Paul gives eight “rapid-fire commands”/1 as he crowds in his last counsels. Three blanket words (always, constantly, everything) on performing the will of God (vv. 16-18) lead to five means of preserving the truth of God (vv. 19-22). The first three deal with right disposition, or attitudes, the second five, with right doctrine, or teaching.
  3. Final prayer (vv. 23-24).
    Paul closes with a prayer (as he has closed each major section of the letter) for peace, purity, and preservation (v. 23), a prayer that he knows God will answer (v. 24).
  4. Goodbye (vv. 25-28).
    a. Paul’s request for prayer shows the reciprocity (“one another”) of the kingdom (v. 25).
    b. A holy greeting to all shows the reality, or genuineness, of our kingdom relationships (v. 26).
    c. Reading the letter to all shows the responsibility of the kingdom’s subjects (v. 27).
    d. Ending the letter with the same grace mentioned at the beginning shows the resources of the kingdom (v. 28).

1/ V. M. Smiles, “The First Letter to the Thessalonians,” in David Durkin, ed., New Collegeville Bible Commentary: NT (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2008): 665.

#1-thessalonians, #bible-class-outlines, #sermon-outlines

Too much zeal?

hands-workIn Monday’s editorial for Forthright Magazine, I made a short reference that “devoting oneself to the work of God should not make us dependent on the saints.” It was one of two possible explanations for 1Th 4.11, Paul’s instructions about working with one’s own hands. Here’s more on that idea.

Citing two sources, Victor Furnish finds it to be a “somewhat more plausible suggestion” that behind Paul’s instruction to the Thessalonians to work with their own hands (1Th 4.11) lies the problem that “some believers were so caught up in a zeal to evangelize that they neglected to care for their own and their families’ needs” (First Thessalonians, Second Thessalonians, Abingdon NT Commentary, 2007, 98).

Would to God that we had that problem in the church today!

One thing that might militate against this proposal is that the church is always (is there an exception?) instructed in the New Testament to support those who teach and evangelize. Might not Paul have told the Thessalonians to get behind such people and provide for their needs? Still, it is an intriguing possibility, is it not?

• One basis of appeal that the prophet Jeremiah uses to urge Israel to repent is so that they might fulfill God’s purpose for them in the world. “Then you would be a blessing to the nations of the world, and all people would come and praise my name” (Jer 4.2 NTL). Israel was not evangelistic, in the strict sense of the word, but God did intend for them to be a blessing to those around them (see his promise to Abram, Gen 12.1-3), by bringing the knowledge of God to the pagans. Is there a lesson for the church here?

• Posterous, I think I’ve said before, is shutting down April 30. We knew it was coming, but I’m still miffed that the owners sold out to Twitter. I considered it one of the coolest services out there. Now, two of the original creators, who parted ways with the sell-outs before the betrayal, have started Posthaven.com, basically a recreation of their first effort. Except this one will have a financial base from the get-go, since they’ll charge $5 a month for up to 10 spaces/sites. Better yet, they’ve done an import path from Posterous. Worked like a charm. I’m pulling for their success.

I’ve already transferred Quick Bible Truths to it. Others will go that route as well. All the features are not yet available, but they’re working on them.

• In his “audience” earlier today, Mr. Francis of the Catholic Church notes correctly that God chose women to be the first witnesses of the resurrection. But he then seems to restrict unnecessarily an application from that truth: “This is beautiful, and this is the mission of women, of mothers and women, to give witness to their children and grandchildren that Christ is Risen! Mothers go forward with this witness!”

We shall be gracious and consider that he is giving an audience and not writing a treatise on the subject. But outside the meetings of the church, there seem to be few New-Testament restrictions on women in the work they do. Their witnessing, or teaching, should not be restricted to their children and grandchildren. Continue reading

#1-thessalonians, #christian-colleges, #corollaries, #evangelism

Now that’s encouraging!

Using a passage from our previous week’s Bible readings, 1Th 5.4-11, today’s sermon will deal with the resurrection still to come. We’ll focus on these points from verse 10:

  1. “Christ died for us.” His death had a purpose and brought purpose to us. Through him we escape wrath and come to salvation (v. 9). Seeing this purpose fulfilled in our lives requires alertness and sobriety (vv. 6-8).
  2. Whether we live or die, “alert or asleep,” that purpose will be fulfilled in those who are faithful. This touches on the problem the Thessalonians felt about those who were passing away. Paul guarantees that faithfulness to Christ is worth it. To die now is to pass to the head of the line.
  3. The purpose of Christ’s death is so that we can “come to life together with him”. To live with Christ, to have the life of God, to be in his presence forever, this is the precious gift of the Cross, restoring the reason for Creation and bringing man full circle back to the fellowship of Eden.

A death now in Christ does not miss this gift, but the Lord’s return will unite us all to him.

Now that’s encouraging! (v. 11).

When Paul preached righteousness, self-control, and the coming judgment to Felix, the governor became afraid and sent Paul away (Acts 24.25). That is a terrifying trio of topics for us who work contrary to God’s will, act by the impulse of our carnal desires, and face the wrath of God towards everything that destroys communion with him. Christ died to make us right before God, give us the Spirit’s power to produce spiritual fruit, and allow us pray “Maranatha, come, Lord” because our dread has been turned into hope.

#1thessalonians, #death-of-christ, #easter, #resurrection

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The Example of the Thessalonican Church

The Apostle Paul visited the city of  Thessalonica on his  2nd  missionary  journey.  He was there  preaching about 3  weeks.  The  theme of the Epistle is a least fourfold:

  1. To confirm the young converts in Thessalonica in the foundational truths
  2. To exhort them to a life of personal holiness pleasing to the Lord.
  3. To comfort them concerning those who had died; and
  4. To instruct them concerning their own hope of the Lord’s return.

Paul commended the believers there because, according to I Thes. 2:13, they accepted the message.  because it came  from God, not men.  There are many  things we can take from this congregation.

The word “example” can  have both  a positive and a  negative aspect. We see the “positive” aspect  in this  account. The believers not  only accepted the  teaching that  Paul gave and became a  congregation of  faithful ones, but  they did not  keep the   “Good news” to themselves.

They embodied  the  Lord’s teaching in the Great Commission to “go into all the  world and preach the gospel…”  They had been  called out  of the darkness of the  kingdom of Satan and were now in the kingdom of the Lord Jesus, the  Church of Christ.   Continue reading

#1-thessalonians, #christian-example