“with the harvest produced by the daylight and by the moonlight;”
In the blessing that Moses gave to Israel before he died, he saw abundance of harvest for Joseph. God gave the sun and moon for man. The universe exists for God and his most important creature.
The heavenly lights were made as “signs to indicate seasons and days and years” Genesis 1.14. They function for the good of man. Let creation lead us to thank and praise God.
#votd #creation #Deuteronomy
Remembering what Deuteronomy means is easier to me than remembering how to spell it. It’s that tricky placement of the e and the u at the beginning that gets me every time.
The word Deuteronomy, interestingly enough, does not come from the original Hebrew “title” of the letter (which is basically the beginning of Deuteronomy 1:1 that says “These are the words…“). It actually has Latin (Deuteronomium) and Greek (Deuteronomion) origins. Each of these origins roughly translates to a meaning of “second law”.
Although it is a good literal translation, “second law” isn’t “necessarily” the best way to view the point of the word Deuteronomy, or the letter itself. It’s not a second law insomuch as it is a repeating of the law. A very good way to think about it is found in Deuteronomy 17:18 where you will find the Hebrew word “Mishneh” which means, in the context, “double, copy or repetition“. In other words, “Deuteronomy” is a repeating (Deuteros, or second) of the principals and points (Nomos, or law) that can elsewhere be found in was then the existing foundation of the Law.
In the Deuteronomy letter, Moses is very much concerned with the task of making sure the present generation understands what it is about to gain and why the previous generation did not possess it! He accomplishes this through quick history lessons and by placing an emphasis on the love and loyalty and obedience, as well as the warnings that are given about the lack of such, that God requires through the covenant he is making with them (Deuteronomy 6:4-9).
The above points are still pertinent today. Especially when you consider how the Hebrew writer emphasized a “deuteronomy” of these things in Hebrews 3, 4 amongst several other passages too.
“From Aroer on the edge of the Wadi Arnon (including the town that is in the wadi itself) as far as Gilead, there was no citadel too high for us. The Lord our God gave everything to us.”
Deuteronomy 2.36 NRSV
Before the Israelites entered Canaan, Moses recounted how God gave them victory over all their enemies. No human power or resource could withstand the Lord.
Christ’s followers encounter many sufferings, but no trial can hold them back from going forward in God’s will.
#votd #Deuteronomy #power-of-God
“Beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moses undertook to explain this law, saying,”
Deuteronomy 1.5 ESV
With his last words, Moses was anxious to remind the people of what God had done for them and urge them to obey his laws. So he undertook or “resolved” (JUB) to declare God’s law to them.
The verb “undertake” means to decide to begin something. Moses saw this as what he ought to do in his final days. What ought to be my decision at this juncture in my life?
#votd #decisions #Deuteronomy
In the chapter we learn some particulars:
- The words are addressed to Israel (5:1)
- A covenant was made with Israel on Mt Horeb (5:2)
- This covenant was not made “with our fathers” (5:3). The meaning of this phrase is understood variously. First, the generation to whom the words were given initially (Exodus 12-24) died in the wilderness. Thus, to them it was not given, but to this current generation on the east side of the Jordan, preparing to go into the promised land. Second, based on 5:4, the words are understood to refer to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. The latter seems to be the better interpretation.
- The Lord’s base “command” (not a command at all, though the rabbis believe it to be such) is the declaration that His following words are directly connected to their origin (5:6), that is, that He brought them up out of Egypt.
- The Sabbath command is directly related to their time of bondage in Egypt (5:15).
- To the “Ten Words” “He added no more” (5:22). This is the reading in the NKJV, ASV, Brenton (LXX translation), ESV, KJV, and NIV. Thus, these commands of the Lord are distinct from that which the Lord gave Moses otherwise. The NET gives a rendering that essentially says the same, but it does not have the same “pop” (if you will): “and that was all he said.” The Jewish Publication Society (JPS) reads “and it went on no more.”
- These commands were written on two stone tablets.
- The occasion at the mountain was not only the commands given, but the experience of hearing the Lord speak (5:23-27).
- The Lord laments that the experience and the commands adhered to will not last long (5:28-29).
- Moses gives some exhortations and warnings (5:31-33).