Vs. 1-4 show that a king’s judgments should reflect the righteousness of God;
Vs. 5-11 describe the good influence inside and outside his kingdom;
Vs. 12-17 list blessings that will come to his people;
Vs. 18-19 remind us that the glory belongs to God.
Vs. 20 brings the prayers of David to a conclusion.
This is commonly attributed to Solomon, as are Psalms 127 and 132, although verse 20 appears to make it a prayer of David about the kingdom of Jesus Christ, which is the church of Christ (Acts 2:47; 8:12). There are several statements that more accurately describe Jesus Christ (verses 5-7, 11, 17) than Solomon.
Verses 1-4: Surely this section was behind Solomon’s proverb: “Take away the wicked from before the king, And his throne will be established in righteousness” (Proverbs 25:5). Jeremiah prophesied this for Jesus: “’Behold, the days are coming,’ says the LORD, ‘That I will raise to David a Branch of righteousness; A King shall reign and prosper, And execute judgment and righteousness in the earth’” (Jeremiah 23:5). The Apostle Peter told Gentile Cornelius that God “commanded us to preach to the people, and to testify that it is He who was ordained by God to be Judge of the living and the dead” (Acts 10:42).
Verses 5-11: Solomon’s kingship did not last “throughout all generations (verse 5), “But to the Son [Jesus Christ ] He [God] says: ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your Kingdom’” (Hebrews 1:8). Solomon never “came down like rain” (verse 6) out of Heaven, Jesus did: “”For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me” (John 6:38). Solomon lost the righteousness (verse 7) of his kingship (1 Kings 11:9-11), but of Jesus: “Therefore do not let your good be spoken of as evil; for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. For he who serves Christ in these things is acceptable to God and approved by men” (Romans 14:16-18). Though Solomon’s kingdom was extensive (verses 8-11), it has been exceeded by that of Jesus (Colossians 1:3-6). Truly “a greater than Solomon is here” (Matthew 12:42).
Verses 12-17: Solomon didn’t achieve with riches and military might (verses 12-14) like Jesus has through humane principles (Galatians 5:19-26). Verses 15-16 list blessings that accompany obedience to Jesus Christ: “gold,” “prayer,” “praise,” “abundance of grain,” fruitful trees, increasing numbers of followers. In verse 17, “His name shall” “endure” and “continue,” terms not for Solomon’s name, but “Christian” generates new followers for “as long as the sun,” which still works.
Verses 18-19: The God of Heaven and Earth “only does wondrous things” and alone should receive blessings for them.
Verse 20: This ends this Psalm, and a section of the Book of Psalms (chapters 42-72). A David about to die may have prayed this chapter, and Solomon recorded it. At any rate, Jesus Christ is woven throughout its fabric.
All Scriptures and comments are based upon the New King James Version, unless otherwise noted.